Ready to carve a little man with a porkpie hat? This tutorial was inspired by a beautiful video about Harley Refsal, who is often credited with coming up with the term flat-plane carving.
Unlike traditional wood carving, you will not round the edges of your carving (unless you prefer to). Leaving the flat edges helps accentuate the facets in your carving. When you paint the little man (see our painting guide at the end) and dry brush him with a little white paint, the facets are wonderfully accentuated (see hat and pants in the photo below).
This little guy’s head will be tilted to the left, which is easy to do, and creates a sense of movement.
Watch this progression video to see the key steps to carve a little man before you start your carving.
To carve a little man, use a block that is 1 x 1 x 3 inches (2.5 x 2.5 x 7.6 cm) . As always, you can easily make your little man carving bigger.
Grab a pencil or pen to trace the template (provided at the end of this page). You will need a knife to remove wood and perhaps a smaller, detail knife for the face and hands.
A painting guide is provided at the end, as well as a full-color pattern, for those who prefer to use a bandsaw to start a roughout.
Always wear carving gloves for safety and remember to protect your lap as well.
Use the provided template (at the end of this page) and trace your little man on each side of the wood block (photos 1,2). You really only need to use one of the provided templates (simply turn it over), but we’ve provided both sides for you.
Make sure the head and body are pointed in the same direction on each side (photos 1,2). Add guidelines to mark the middle of each cut that you will make on the right and left sides (photos 1,2). You can also extend your guidelines on the front and back to guide your cuts (photos 3,4).
For those who prefer to measure and cut, the bottom of the hat is 1/2-inch (1.3 cm) from the top. The bottom of the head is 1.5 inches (3.8 cm) from the top. The top of the pants are about 2.5 inches (6.4 cm) from the top. The top of the shoes are 3 inches (7.6 cm) from the top.
Continue by removing wood in between the notches to separate the head, body, legs, and shoes (feet) all around, refining and shaping the body of the little man (photos 7,8).
The head of the little man will be looking to the left. Mark the top of the head where you will remove three of the corners (photo 9). Slice wood off starting about half-way down the body, moving upward (photo 10).
Tip: You will now have a new “front” of the head that you may want to mark for guidance (photo 9). Using this corner makes it possible to create a long, protruding nose with ease.
After the head is shaped, separate the neck all around with stop cuts (visible in photos 11-14).
Also, draw some details, including a line for the bottom of the hat (photos 11-14).
On the front, draw a bow tie, buttons, and the waistband (photo 11).
On the sides, add the arms (photos 12,13) and the bottom of the pants (they are longer in the back, as in photos 12,13). The arms are about 1/4-inch (0.09 cm) wide. Note: You can add cuffs if you want. I ended up turning the cuff into a hand that is visible in the left pocket, while the other hand is hidden inside the pocket (see photos 36-38, 41, 42).
On the front and back, add a line (about an inch or 2.5 cm long) to separate the the legs (photos 11,14). Also, add a little Y on the back of the tush (photo 14).
Set up the nose box, which extends from the front to the left side (photos 11, 13). It is about one inch (2.5 cm) wide. Note: You can easily carve the nose using our triangle-by-triangle nose carving system, or use your own method.
Make a stop cut under each arm and remove wood from underneath (photo 15). This will give you access to taper the back of the legs (photo 16).
Separate the end of the arm and the inside of the arm (photo 17). You can use a stop cut and remove wood from the side. Also, taper the right arm so it looks like the hand is in his pocket. You can slice the wood at an angle across the bottom of the arm (photo 18).
Repeat on the left arm (note: you can carve a hand here or have this hand hiddden in this pocket as well).
The chest of the man needs to be cut back. Remove wood by making one long push or pull cut in the middle, and another long cut on each side. The chest will then have 3 flat planes (photo 22).
Use stop cuts to separate the back of the arms (photo 23). Tip: you can draw a guideline about 1/4-inch (or 0.9 cm) long on each side.
Use stop cuts to separate the bottom of the hat from the head (photo 20). Draw a line (less than a quarter inch or 0.09 cm wide) to mark the brim of the hat (photo 20) and use stop cuts to separate it. Cut from the top of the hat down to the stop cuts you made (photo 21), carefully removing wood in small sections. Check the shape often to maintain symmetry around the hat.
Once the hat is finished, carve the head into an oval shape (see progress photos 22,23). Since the body is now carved, you can easily shape the head in proportion to the rest of the body.
Redraw the bow tie (if needed) and separate it (photo 22) with small stop cuts. You will add the buttons later.
Split the legs on both sides and separate the back of the arms (photo 23). You can use a wide V-cut or a slicing cut.
You will carve a long nose for your little man. Make a stop cut under the nose and remove wood from underneath (photo 24). Make a pyramid cut on each side, following the guideline of each triangle. (photo 25).
Once the triangles are removed, cut the bridge of the nose at a downward angle (visible in photo 26). Also cut under the nose at an angle to create an upturned nose (visible in photo 26). Save noodling the shape of the nose further until the mouth is carved.
Draw on the smile lines and make one cut along the guideline (photo 27). Make a second slicing cut at a slight angle to remove the wood in one piece. Also, remove wood from inside each smile line to create three facets (visible in photos 28,29).
Draw on the mouth and carve it the same way that you carved the smile lines (photo 28).
Draw the hairline all around (photo 29). Carefully make stop cuts along the hairline to separate the hair from the head (photo 30).
One the hairline is cut you can carve the eyebrows. Carve one long shape before splitting the eyebrows (to avoid the wood from crumbling). Once you have the desired shape, make a V-cut to separate the eyebrows in the middle (visible in photo 31).
Shape the shoes and draw a rim line all around each shoe (photo 32).
Use your knife to carve the hair (photo 33) with short and long V-cuts (you can also use a V-tool). Start your cuts from the bottom up and then work from the top down. Finish with cuts in the middle. Make some of your cuts intersect with others (visible in photo 37).
Draw the X buttons in the middle of the shirt (photos 34,36). Make little V-cuts to carve the buttons (visible in photo 36).
Slice a little wood off at an angle below the cheeks to make them stand out more (photo 35).
Also, add a few wrinkles on the shirt and pants with V-cuts (visible in photos 35, 36-39).
Optional: you can draw a line (about 1/4 of an inch or 0.6 cm wide) around the brim of the hat to make a traditional porkpie hat. Add a little square label on the back (photos 36-39).
Make a tiny pyramid cut on each side of the nose for shadow (photos 36, 38).
Very carefully, make little V-cuts to add texture to the eyebrows (photos 36-39). Also, refine the chin and mouth by carving from under the mouth down toward the neck (visible in photos 36, 38).
Unless noted as 100%, all acrylic paints are watered down. An easy way to do this is to pull a little paint from one paint well into another. Then, dip your brush into water and mix it with the pulled paint.
Here are the colors that were used for this carve a little man tutorial:
Once the carving is dry, dry brush hat, hair, pants, shoes, and pants with Artist’s Loft titanium white. Finish with Howard’s Feed-N-Wax.
Want some great painting tips? Click here.
Size this template to your wood block. Trace on a piece of thin cardboard and cut out. Use the cardboard cutout to trace the pattern on the wood block. Save and reuse as often as you want!